Pleural mesothelioma accounts for 75 percent of all mesothelioma cases, making it the most common type of mesothelioma. Fortunately, there are many treatment options for patients to choose from. Each types of mesothelioma is named based on where in the body it develops. Pleural mesothelioma develops in the pleura, which is a protective lining around the lungs.
Pleural mesothelioma is caused by inhaling asbestos. Over a long period of time, the asbestos can cause mesothelioma to develop in the lungs.
- Asbestos is breathed in.
- Asbestos fibers get stuck in the protective lining of the lungs.
- The trapped fibers irritate cells, causing genetic mutations.
- Tumors develop and eventually progress into mesothelioma.
Mesothelioma usually affects older people because it takes decades, about 20 to 50 years, for the disease to develop after someone is exposed to asbestos. The time between exposure and mesothelioma development is called the latency period.
In most mesothelioma cases, the patient breathed in asbestos at work. Some people are exposed at home, if their home was built with asbestos, or through secondhand exposure from being near someone who worked with asbestos.
The average life expectancy of a person with pleural mesothelioma is between 12 and 21 months. A prognosis is a prediction of the outcome of a disease. Doctor usually gives their patients an estimate of life expectancy. With the right treatment and care, a prognosis can be improved.
A patient’s prognosis depends on many factors including how advanced the disease is and the health of the patient. A patient can improve his or her prognosis by undergoing more aggressive or more targeted treatments. Adopting a healthier lifestyle is another way patients may be able to improve their prognosis and also their quality of life.
The most effective treatment for pleural mesothelioma is usually surgery. Patients can also benefit from chemotherapy or radiation treatments. A combination of different treatments can be used to maximize treatment effectiveness. Clinical trials are also an important treatment option to consider because they can expand treatment options and have the potential to be curative.
For most mesothelioma patients, surgery is their best chance at remission. Surgery is able to extend a patient’s survival time as well as improve their quality of life. Surgery is an important part of the treatment plan but combined with other …
Chemotherapy drugs are strong drugs used to treat most types of cancer, including mesothelioma. Chemotherapy attacks cancer by targeting cells that divide quickly. For patients who are not candidates for surgery, chemotherapy is an important …
Radiation therapy can kill cancer cells and shrink tumors, generally with less side effects than chemotherapy. Radiation is usually only used on pleural mesothelioma patients. For many inoperable or late stage pleural mesothelioma patients, …
Mesothelioma is a very rare cancer with only about 2,500 to 3,500 people being diagnosed each year. Because mesothelioma is rare, clinical trials are probably the best source for finding a cure or increasing the lifespan of a diagnosed individual. …